NO JUSTICE. NO PEACE. 

NO JUSTICE. NO PEACE. 

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NO JUSTICE. NO PEACE. 

 

ABOUT

CHRISTIAN COOPER,  AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN BIRDWATCHER, WAS THREATENED TO 'DEATH BY POLICE' AFTER ASKING A WHITE WOMAN TO PLACE HER DOG ON A LEAD.

GEORGE FLOYD MET HIS DEATH ON THE 25TH OF MAY AFTER A MINNEAPOLIS POLICE OFFICER KNELT ON HIS NECK FOR SEVERAL MINUTES.

THESE TWO INCIDENTS WERE THE CATALYSTS FOR ONE OF THE LARGEST BLACK LIVES MATTER MOVEMENTS IN RECENT HISTORY, WITH BLM RALLIES ERUPTING GLOBALLY. AS A RESULT, DIALOGUE SURROUNDING RACIAL EQUALITY HAS RE-EMERGED INTO MAINSTREAM MEDIA. 

IN A PERIOD OF FAST-MOVING NEWS CYCLES, OUTSPOKEN OPINION, DIVISIVE ACTIVISM AND NOTIONS OF 'TRENDS', THIS PAGE AIMS TO SERVE AS A PLATFORM FOR THE BIPOC VOICE, ENCAPSULATING BLACK AND BROWN RESPONSES TO THE LAST FEW WEEKS AND SHINING LIGHT ON LIVED LIFE EXPERIENCES REIGNITED (DEVASTATINGLY) BY GEORGE FLOYD'S DEATH . 

FURTHERMORE IT HOPES TO DISCUSS THE INJUSTICES FACED ON OUR OWN LAND, AUSTRALIA, BY THE FIRST NATIONS PEOPLE. 437 OF WHICH HAVE DIED IN POLICE CUSTODY, WITH NO CONVICTIONS (GUARDIAN DATABASE, AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF CRIMINOLOGY, HUMAN RIGHTS AUSTRALIA). 

GEORGE FLOYD'S MURDERERS ARE NOW BEING BROUGHT TO JUSTICE, AND A MAJORITY OF THE MINNEAPOLIS CITY COUNCIL HAVE VOWED TO DISMANTLE THE CITY POLICE FORCE. INSTEAD, REPLACING IT WITH A SYSTEM THAT DELEGATES RESOURCES ON A COMMUNITY-BASED LEVEL (GUARDIAN, NYTIMES, ABC).

WHAT KIND OF ACTION CAN WE SEE IN OUR OWN COUNTRY? AND HOW CAN NON-BIPOC CONTRIBUTE?

 

CONTRIBUTORS

                     BEN ILOBUCHI

IN SCREENWRITING, THERE IS THE CONCEPT OF THE ‘MAIN PLOT’ AND THE ‘SUBPLOT’. THE MAIN PLOT IS THE IMPORTANT PART OF THE STORY, THE SERIES OF EVENTS THAT KEEPS THE NARRATIVE GOING AND THAT THE MAIN CHARACTERS EXPERIENCE. THE SUBPLOT IS LESS IMPORTANT, A SMALLER SET OF HAPPENINGS THAT ACT AS DRESSING AND USUALLY INVOLVE LESS IMPORTANT CHARACTERS. IN THE MILLENNIA-LONG MOVIE THAT IS THE HUMAN CONDITION, WHITE PEOPLE HAVE SEEN TO IT TO CAST THEMSELVES AS THE MAIN CHARACTERS, AND THEIR PLIGHT AS THE MAIN PLOT. THIS IS THE WAY THEY ABSORB AND INTERACT WITH THE WORLD, CONSCIOUSLY OR NOT. WHEN THEY GO TO A DIFFERENT COUNTRY, THEY ARE ADVENTURERS IN A STRANGE LAND BUT WHEN PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT CULTURES COME TO THEM, THEY ARE HOSTS TO FREAKISH ALIENS. NO MATTER THE CONTEXT, WHITE PEOPLE SEE THEMSELVES AS THE BASE AND THE REST OF US AS OFF-SHOOTS. ASIAN PEOPLE ARE ‘ASIAN PEOPLE’, BLACK PEOPLE ARE ‘BLACK PEOPLE’ AND  LATINX PEOPLE ARE ‘LATINX PEOPLE’; IT IS ONLY WHITE PEOPLE WHO ARE ALLOWED TO BE SIMPLY ‘PEOPLE’. THIS INABILITY TO SEE PEOPLE UNLIKE THEM AS ANYTHING BUT SIDE-CHARACTERS, IS WHY THEY ARE SO WILLING AND ABLE TO MURDER US. IN THE WHITE NARRATIVE, WE ARE THE DISPOSABLE ONES, EVEN TO THOSE OF THEM WHO ‘LIKE’ US. WE ARE ALLOWED TO DIE WITHOUT THE NARRATIVE CHANGING ITS COURSE. THIS  IS WHY WE RIOT. BECAUSE THE ONLY WAY FOR US TO JOIN THE STORY IS BY FORCE. TEARS ARE SHED, SPEECHES ARE MADE, BUT ULTIMATELY, WHEN A BLACK PERSON DIES, IT’S NOT TOO BAD BECAUSE AT LEAST HE WASN’T A MAIN-CHARACTER. HE WAS PART OF THE SUBPLOT. 

 

I THINK ANY WHITE PERSON LOOKING TO HELP THE CAUSE SHOULD DO SO WHILE KEEPING BIPOC AS THE FOCUS AND TRY TO UNLEARN THE ACT OF MAKING THEMSELVES THE WHITE SAVIOUR.

 
 

                                        SABINA MCKENNA

                                                              MARTIN LUTHER KING PUT IT PERFECTLY: ‘LOOTING AND RIOTING IS THE LANGUAGE OF THE UNHEARD’. IT’S PLAIN AND SIMPLE; AN EXAMPLE OF A POPULATION PUSHED TO THE BRINK — FOR OVER 400 YEARS — I DON’T CARE WHAT PEOPLE THINK IS A ‘REASONABLE’ RESPONSE TO 400 YEARS OF BEING DEHUMANISED. HOW WOULD YOU HANDLE IT? 

ON THE POLICE…

AS A LIGHT-SKINNED, MIDDLE CLASS PERSON OF COLOUR RAISED IN AUSTRALIA, MY EXPERIENCES OF RACISM DIFFER GREATLY FROM THE EXPERIENCES OF DARKER SKINNED AND BLACK POC, AND THOSE FROM DIFFERENT SOCIO-ECONOMIC BACKGROUNDS. I HAVE NEVER FEARED THE POLICE PERSONALLY, BUT DO FEAR POLICE ON BEHALF OF OTHERS. 

HOWEVER, I HAVE LONG HELD AN ASSOCIATION BETWEEN POLICE AND VIOLENCE, FROM THE MEDIA WHERE STORIES OF POLICE SHOOTING UNARMED BLACK PEOPLE ARE COMMON AS WELL AS INSTITUTIONALISED ABUSE. I WAS FIRST EXPOSED TO THIS VIA THE U.S. MEDIA, AND ALSO WHILE LIVING THERE IN 2016. 

I REMEMBER SEEING A PROTEST TO END POLICE PRESENCE AT PRIDE FESTIVALS, BECAUSE IT MAKES QUEER PEOPLE OF COLOUR FEEL UNSAFE. AFTER THAT I STARTED TO TAKE MORE NOTICE AND RECOGNISE THE LACK OF SAFETY THAT POLICE PRESENCE CREATES FOR MY COMMUNITY, WORLDWIDE AND ESPECIALLY IN AUSTRALIA. I AM NOT SURE WHY, BUT A LOT OF PEOPLE IN AUSTRALIA APPEAR TO HAVE BEEN UNAWARE OF THE EQUALLY SEVERE LEVEL OF STATE VIOLENCE THAT GOES ON IN AUSTRALIA.

TO ME AUSTRALIA HAS ALWAYS BEEN AN EXTREMELY RACIST COUNTRY, AND ONE THAT IS VERY CONSERVATIVE  —AND THEREFORE SEEMINGLY ‘PRIVATE’ — ABOUT ALL OF THE HORRIBLE THINGS IT DOES TO BIPOC LIVING HERE, LET ALONE THE HORRIFIC WAY IT TREATS ASYLUM SEEKERS. 

BECAUSE OF THIS, IT HAS ALWAYS OFFENDED ME DEEPLY TO SEE WHITE ‘ALLIES’ VOLUNTARILY GET ARRESTED AT RALLIES. THEY POST ON SOCIAL MEDIA ABOUT BEING BRUTALISED, RUBBED UP THE WRONG WAY OR SWORN AT, BUT THE VIOLENCE ENDS THERE FOR THEM. THEY SHOW UP TO CLIMATE RALLIES — WITH CULTURALLY APPROPRIATED HAIRSTYLES — BUT NOT TO INVASION DAY, OR RECENT BLACK LIVES MATTER RALLIES; IT’S SO PROBLEMATIC. 

I HAVE HAD NO EXPERIENCES WITH THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM, BUT I AM ACUTELY AWARE OF THE DISPROPORTIONATE AMOUNT OF BLACK AND BROWN PEOPLE THAT MAKE UP INCARCERATED POPULATIONS. I PERSONALLY TRY TO AVOID COMPARING AUSTRALIA TO AMERICA, AS I THINK THEY ARE TWO VASTLY DIFFERENT PLACES, BUT THE WAY THE SYSTEM IS USED TO MARGINALISE, OPPRESS AND MURDER BIPOC IS ONE VERY DISTINCT SIMILARITY. 

 

ON REPRESENTATION…

I RECENTLY WATCHED ‘IN MY BLOOD IT RUNS’, WHICH FOLLOWS AN INDIGENOUS BOY GROWING UP IN A REMOTE COMMUNITY. YOU SEE HIM STRUGGLE THROUGH SCHOOL, AS HIS WHITE TEACHER TELLS THE CLASS ABOUT ‘CAPTAIN COOK, THE GREAT EXPLORER’, AND THEN SKIMS OVER A 5 MINUTE HISTORY OF INDIGENOUS ‘AUSTRALIA’, WHILE DISMISSING WALK ABOUT STORIES AND RIDICULING THE YOUNG BOY BY TELLING THE CLASS THAT THEY ARE ‘APPARENTLY REAL’. 

THAT SCENE IS SUCH A HEARTBREAKING EXAMPLE OF THE WAY THESE SYSTEMS ARE SET UP TO CRUSH ANY SENSE OF IDENTITY OF CULTURE OUT OF MINORITIES — ESPECIALLY INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIANS. SCHOOL THEN GOES FROM BEING A PLACE OF PROSPECT AND OPPORTUNITY, TO A PLACE WHERE YOU DON’T BELONG AND AREN’T WANTED; AND SO YOU DON’T GO ANYMORE. THEN MAYBE YOU’RE OUT ON THE STREETS, WHERE YOU AREN’T SUPPOSED TO BE, AND MAYBE THERE ARE POLICE WHO ARREST YOU BECAUSE YOU ARE ‘DOING THE WRONG THING’. IT’S JUST ALL QUITE A DELIBERATE CYCLE. THERE IS NO SUPPORT, THERE IS SO MUCH NEGLECT FROM DAY ONE. IT IS NOT AN EVEN PLAYING FIELD BY ANY MEASURE – DESPITE THE IDEA OF THE ‘WESTERN WORLD’ OF FREEDOM THAT THE MORE PRIVILEGED PERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION WILL TELL YOU AUSTRALIA IS. THAT IS AUSTRALIA FOR SOME OF US, BUT NOT ALL OF US. I SAY THAT FROM MY PERSPECTIVE AS AN OUTSIDER, AND NOT AS SOMEONE SPEAKING ON BEHALF OF ANY OTHER PEOPLE. I ACKNOWLEDGE THE DEEPLY PROBLEMATIC WAYS IN WHICH OUR GOVERNMENT WORKS TO KEEP MINORITIES OPPRESSED AND PUSHES THEM INTO THE SYSTEM. 

ON THE MEDIA MOVEMENT…

I AM GRATEFUL FOR THE RECOGNITION AND PARTICIPATION OF SO MANY PEOPLE. WE HAVE NEVER SEEN A MOVEMENT OF THIS SCALE, AND IT IS ONE THAT VALIDATES MY EXPERIENCE PERSONALLY WHICH MAKES IT RESONATE DEEPLY. I HAVE ALSO GONE THROUGH WAVES OF DIFFERENT EMOTIONS OVER THE PAST WEEK: ANGER, DEFEAT, FATIGUE, EXHAUSTION, DEEP SADNESS, JUST TO NAME A FEW... IT HAS BEEN COMPLETELY OVERWHELMING AND THE SADNESS I FEEL FOR BIPOC WHO HAVE LOST FAMILY, FRIENDS AND COLLEAGUES AT THE HANDS OF POLICE VIOLENCE IS HUGE. IT IS SO TRAUMATIC TO SEE A BLACK BODY BEING MURDERED OVER AND OVER AGAIN ON THE TV LIKE IT’S NOT EVEN A HUMAN BODY — IT FELT SO UNDIGNIFYING FOR GEORGE AND HIS FAMILY — SO PUBLIC. HIS FAMILY HAS JUST LOST SOMEONE, IN PROBABLY ONE OF THE MOST HORRIBLE WAYS POSSIBLE, AND NOW THEY HAVE TO WATCH IT BROADCAST HUNDREDS OF TIMES ON NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL TELEVISION. THERE IS SOMETHING BEING GREATLY OVERLOOKED THERE. THE TRAUMA ALSO EXTENDS TO THE FACT THAT WESTERN SOCIETY DEEMS BLACK LIVES SO INSIGNIFICANT THAT IT TAKES 3 WEEKS OF RIOTS AND A GLOBAL MOVEMENT TO CONVICT A MURDERER OF WHOSE CRIMES THEY NO DOUBT COMMITTED BECAUSE OF THE 10 MINUTE VIDEO BEING PLAYED ALL OVER THE WORLD. IT MAKES YOU QUESTION SYSTEMS OF GOVERNANCE AND LAW ENTIRELY.

WHO ARE THESE SYSTEMS FOR? WHO DO THEY REALLY BENEFIT? WHO DO THEY PROTECT? 

HAVING SAID THAT, THE INCIDENT WITH CHRISTIAN COOPER REALLY HIT HOME FOR ME AS WELL. I THINK PERHAPS MAYBE EVEN MORE SO BECAUSE OF THE WAY THAT TYPE OF COVERT RACISM CAN AFFECT SOMEONE'S WELL BEING AND LIVELIHOOD, WITHOUT EVEN THEM REALISING IT. THE WAY THAT COVERT FORMS OF RACISM CAUSE YOU TO CHANGE YOUR DEMEANOUR IN CERTAIN SITUATIONS, TO ASK YOURSELF WHY YOU DIDN'T TRY HARD ENOUGH OR TO THINK HARDER ABOUT WHAT YOU DID WRONG... THAT PERSON, WHO JUST DOESN’T LIKE YOU THAT MUCH OR ISN’T AS NICE TO YOU AS OTHER PEOPLE SAY THEY ARE TO THEM. IT’S WORSE BECAUSE YOU CAN’T QUITE CALL IT OUT, OR SOMETIMES YOU CAN’T EVEN REALLY PUT YOUR FINGER ON WHAT IT IS. THERE ARE SO MANY STORIES I HAVE OF EXPERIENCING THIS TYPE OF RACISM AND MANY OF THEM I HAVE ONLY SEEN FOR WHAT THEY WERE MUCH LATER ON, WHEN THEY RETURN TO ME IN ‘DISSOCIATIVE’ TYPE MEMORIES. 

I HAVE POSTED A BIT ON SOCIAL MEDIA BUT I DON'T REALLY FEEL THE NEED TO BE THAT ACTIVE AT THIS TIME. I AM PLANNING TO OPEN UP MY PROJECT WHERE ARE YOU FROM? FOR PEOPLE TO TALK ABOUT THIS AND UTILISE THE PLATFORM AS THEY WANT. I THINK THAT IS AN IMPORTANT SPACE TO HOLD FOR PEOPLE RIGHT NOW. A LOT OF PEOPLE ARE SPEAKING UP, WHO MAYBE DIDN’T HAVE THE COURAGE BEFORE AND THAT’S POWERFUL TO SEE. BUT A LOT OF THE SOCIAL BROADCASTING RIGHT NOW FOR BLACK LIVES MATTER FEELS A BIT PERFORMATIVE. IF PEOPLE DON’T CARE ALL THE TIME – THEN DO THEY REALLY, TRULY CARE? I WANT THIS TO BE SINCERE. I REALLY HOPE IT IS. I HOPE FOR THE SAKE OF GEORGE FLOYD AND HIS FAMILY THAT ALL OF THIS EXPLOITATION (IN A WAY, HIS DEATH AND HIS STORY HAS BEEN EXPLOITED AND SENSATIONALISED TO EXTREMES OVER THE PAST WEEK) I HOPE IT AFFECTS GENUINE CHANGE, AND THAT IT MAKES THIS WORLD SAFER FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS OF BIPOC. IT WOULD BE SO SAD IF NOTHING CAME FROM THIS. AND I WORRY THAT IT WOULD ACTUALLY DIMINISH A LOT OF THE HOPE WE DID HAVE FOR CHANGE PRECEDING THIS. 

ON MOVING FORWARD…

USE THE ONLINE RESOURCES YOU HAVE, THERE IS SO MUCH OUT THERE. READ, GOOGLE, WATCH, LISTEN AND THEN TALK TO YOUR WHITE FRIENDS ABOUT IT. PLEASE FOR THE SAKE OF HUMANITY DO NOT ASK YOUR BIPOC FRIENDS TO HELP YOU UNDERSTAND RACISM OR HOW TO BE AN ALLY. IT’S NOT THEIR WORK. THEY ARE TIRED. THEY DON’T NEED YOU KNOCKING ON THEIR DOOR TO QUELL YOUR WHITE GUILT WHEN THEY HAVE PROBABLY BEEN TRYING TO GET YOU TO UNDERSTAND THEIR EXPERIENCES LONG BEFORE NOW, AND TO NO AVAIL. KEEP AS ACTIVE AS WE HAVE BEEN AT THIS TIME AND REPORT AS MUCH OF IT AS POSSIBLE. USE YOUR SKILLS AND CREATIVITY TO START CONVERSATIONS ABOUT RACISM. BE OPEN ABOUT YOUR OWN EXPERIENCES, CALL PEOPLE OUT AND DON’T BE ASHAMED. FIND OTHER PEOPLE LIKE YOU. BUILD A COMMUNITY. WHITE PEOPLE UNDERSTAND THAT RACE IS A CONCEPT TO YOU, AND AN EXPERIENCE TO US, NEVER EVER FORGET THAT AND TEACH YOURSELF ABOUT THAT EVERY SINGLE DAY. ALSO, IF YOU AREN’T WHITE; BE KIND TO YOURSELF, TAKE BREAKS FROM SOCIAL MEDIA AND THE NEWS – IT’S SO TRAUMATIC AND OFTEN THE CONSTANT EXPOSURE IS CUMULATIVE IN ITS EFFECTS. IT’S OK TO TAP OUT WHEN YOU NEED TO.

 

TIG TERERA

“THAT’S NOT A CHIP ON MY SHOULDER. THAT’S YOUR FOOT ON MY NECK” MALCOLM X

 

FOR BLACK AND BROWN PEOPLE THE PAST FEW WEEKS HAVE NOT BEEN AN AWAKENING, BUT RATHER A CASE OF THE STRAW THAT BROKE THE PEOPLE OF COLOUR’S BACK. 

 

FOR ME PERSONALLY, AS A YOUNG BLACK MAN BORN IN ZIMBABWE AND RAISED IN AUSTRALIA THIS IS THE MOST MOVING BLA(C)K POWER MOVEMENT.

I STAND WITH ABORIGINAL AUSTRALIANS FIRST. 

WE ARE ALL UNITED - WE ARE ALL ANGRY AND I TRULY FEEL SO HOPEFUL. 

 

DAVID GUNDAI DID NOT DIE IN VAIN. 

 

GEORGE FLOYD DID NOT DIE IN VAIN.

 

I WILL NOT ALLOW THE 437 ABORIGINAL INCARCERATED DEATHS BE FORGOTTEN. 

 

I CARE NOT TO EDUCATE THE WHITE MAJORITY, BUT INSTEAD I AM HERE TO STAND WITH MY BROTHERS AND SISTERS AND DEMAND CHANGE.

I DEMAND TO NOT BE RACIALLY PROFILED.

I DEMAND TO HAVE THE SAME OPPORTUNITIES AS MY FAIRER SKIN COUNTERPARTS. 

 

I HAVE NEVER BEEN SO PROUD TO BE BLACK. 

 

THE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD ARE CURRENTLY STANDING FOR ONE ISSUE AND I HAVE NO DOUBT THAT THE RECENT PROTESTS AND SOCIAL MEDIA TAKEOVER WILL PRODUCE PERMANENT SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CHANGE AND EFFECTIVELY IMPROVE THE BLACK EXPERIENCE WORLDWIDE (HOW MUCH IT IMPROVES IS YET TO BE SEEN). 

 

WHAT HAS THIS MOVEMENT DONE FOR ME? 

THE 2020 BLACK LIVES MATTER MOVEMENT HAS REMOVED THE CHIP ON MY SHOULDER -

I NO LONGER FEEL THAT MY MERE PRESENCE AS A BLACK MAN IS AT ALL INTIMIDATING,

I DO NOT FEEL LIKE I HAVE TO SUPPRESS MY BLACKNESS TO BE PERCEIVED AS LIKEABLE OR INTELLIGENT.

SINCE FINISHING HIGHSCHOOL I HAVE BEEN ON A ROAD OF BLACK DISCOVERY. NOW AS A 23 YEAR OLD I NOW KNOW FOR A FACT THAT;

 

BLACK IS BEAUTIFUL, THAT BLACK IS INTELLIGENCE, THAT BLACK IS POWER! 

 

I MOURN THE MURDERS OF THE DOZENS OF BLA(C)K PEOPLE BY THE HANDS OF POLICE AND I PROMISE THEIR FAMILIES I WILL DO MY PART TO MAKE SURE IT 

NEVER HAPPENS AGAIN.

 

GABRIELLE JARRELL

ON THE POLICE...

IT TAKES A CERTAIN TYPE OF PERSON TO BECOME A POLICE OFFICER. 

TO BE FRANK, THEY EXHIBIT BEHAVIOURS BEST DESCRIBED AS ‘POWER-DRIVEN-SHEEP-WITH-DISTORTED-MORAL-COMPASSES’. I’VE READ SOME QUOTES ONLINE ABOUT POLICE RECENTLY AND MOST OF THE ONES THAT RESONATED HIGHLIGHT THAT THE ERRORS THAT POLICE ARE ABLE TO MAKE IN THEIR LINE OF WORK WITH LITTLE OR NO CONSEQUENCES WOULD NOT FLY IN ANY OTHER CAREER; COULD A PILOT CRASH A PLANE AND IT BE WRITTEN OFF AS “JUST A BAD DAY”? WHAT IF A FIRE DEPARTMENT SHOWED UP TO A BURNING HOUSE AND POURED PETROL ON TO THE FIRE INSTEAD OF WATER? 

JUST ON THE WEEKEND THE NSW POLICE TOOK THE BLM RALLY ORGANISERS TO THE SUPREME COURT IN AN ATTEMPT TO STOP THE MARCHES, BUT THE SAME DAY ANNOUNCED THAT NRL FANS WOULD BE ABLE TO RETURN TO ATTENDING MATCHES FROM THIS WEEK. I DON’T EVEN WANT TO DELVE INTO THE ISSUE OF THE POLICE'S REPUTATION FOR MISHANDLING AND VICTIM BLAMING IN FEMALE AND LGBTQ SEXUAL ASSAULT CASES. ON TWITTER COREY MOHLER POSTED, “IF I WOKE UP TOMORROW AND MY BOSS TOLD ME THAT TODAY I HAD TO SHOOT RUBBER BULLETS AND THROW TEAR GAS AT PEOPLE PROTESTING RACISM BECAUSE ONE OF MY CO-WORKERS KILLED SOMEONE IN COLD BLOOD, I WOULD SIMPLY QUIT THAT JOB”, WHICH GIVES YOU SOME PERSPECTIVE ON WHAT TYPE OF PEOPLE THE 75 POLICE OFFICERS WHO PROTECTIVELY SURROUNDED THE HOUSE OF GEORGE FLOYD’S MURDERER MUST BE.

 

ON PRIVILEGE...

I KNOW THAT IT HAS BEEN INSTILLED IN ME FROM A YOUNG AGE TO STAY IN LINE AND NOT ACT IN ANY MANNER THAT COULD RESULT IN LEGAL ISSUES. I’VE WATCHED AND HEARD ENOUGH ABOUT SITUATIONS WHERE BIPOC ARE PULLED OVER BY THE COPS AND WHAT UNFOLDS. EVERY TIME I AM OUT DRIVING ON THE ROADS 90% OF THE TIME I AM WAITING TO BE PULLED OVER. I HATE DRIVING ALONE FOR THIS REASON. THE FEAR OF HAVING NO WITNESSES TO WHAT COULD OCCUR. 

ANOTHER EVERYDAY ACTIVITY WHERE I HAVE FEAR INSTILLED IN ME BECAUSE OF MY SKIN COLOUR IS SHOPPING. I HAVE COUNTLESS NON-BLACK/BROWN FRIENDS WHO DON’T EVEN HESITATE ABOUT WALKING OUT OF A SHOP WITHOUT PAYING FOR SOMETHING. THEY THINK IT’S A ‘F*** YOU TO SYSTEM’ BUT I SEE IT AS A PRIME EXAMPLE OF THEIR WHITE PRIVILEGE. IF THEY WERE EVER CAUGHT ALL IT WOULD TAKE IS A CRY OF MISUNDERSTANDING, OR WORST CASE, A CALL TO THEIR WEALTHY WHITE PARENTS AND IT WOULD ALL BE LEFT AT THAT. HOWEVER, FOR A PERSON OF COLOUR PETTY THEFT OR A FORGED CHECK IS ENOUGH TO LOSE YOUR LIFE, AS HISTORY HAS SHOWN. 

 

ON PROTEST…

I DON’T THINK THERE’S NECESSARILY A WRONG OR RIGHT WAY TO PROTEST HOWEVER IDEALLY IT IS PEACEFUL, NO ONE IS PHYSICALLY GETTING HARMED AND BUSINESSES OWNED BY POC ARE NOT BEING AFFECTED. I READ SOMEWHERE THAT WHAT SPARKED A TARGET IN THE U.S. BEING LOOTED WAS INITIALLY WHEN POLICE TEAR GASSED PEACEFUL PROTESTERS AND THE STORE EMPLOYEES DENIED THEIR ACCESS TO BUY WATER. LOOTING SHOULD NOT BE VIEWED SIMPLY AS A HOOLIGAN MANNERISM AND INSTEAD BE UNDERSTOOD AS A RELEASE OF FRUSTRATION THAT HAS BEEN GROWING INSIDE OF SO MANY MISTREATED BY THE SYSTEM AND THEIR ANCESTORS BEFORE THEM. FORGET THE FINANCIAL DAMAGE TO CORPORATIONS AND INSTEAD CONSIDER THE YEARS OF INJUSTICE TOWARDS POC WHO HAVE HAD THEIR FAMILY, LAND, ARTEFACTS AND CULTURE TAKEN AWAY. I REALLY DON’T KNOW HOW ANYONE CAN FOCUS ON THE LOOTING OF SHOPS AND THINK IT OUTWEIGHS THE FOOTAGE OF POLICE DRIVING THROUGH, GASSING, BEATING AND SHOOTING AT PEACEFUL PROTESTORS. 

ON SOCIAL MEDIA…

I THINK THE USE OF SOCIAL MEDIA TO PROMOTE GLOBAL MATTERS IS ESSENTIAL IN A WORLD WHERE A LARGE PORTION OF THE MEDIA IS CONTROLLED AND SENSITISED BY OUR GOVERNMENTS AND THE CORPORATIONS THAT FILL THEIR POCKETS. AS NELSON MANDELA ONCE SAID “TELEVISION [HAS] SHRUNK THE WORLD AND [HAS] IN THE PROCESS BECOME A GREAT WEAPON FOR ERADICATING IGNORANCE AND PROMOTING DEMOCRACY” AND THIS COULDN’T BE MORE TRUE WITH THE ADVANCEMENTS OF SMART PHONES AND PLATFORMS SUCH AS INSTAGRAM AND FACEBOOK.

 

ANY POST ON SOCIAL MEDIA IN SUPPORT OF THE BLM MOVEMENT IN MY OPINION IS WORTHWHILE AND YOU NEVER KNOW HOW FAR IT MAY REACH OR HOW MUCH IT MAY MEAN TO SOMEONE TO SEE YOUR SUPPORT. I KNOW THAT PERSONALLY IN THE PAST 10 DAYS I HAVE UNFOLLOWED A LOT OF PEOPLE DUE TO THEIR APPARENT DISREGARD AND LACK OF COMPASSION DURING THIS EMOTIONAL TIME FOR ALL BIPOC. FOR SOMEONE TO UPLOAD THEIR DAILY SELFIES, SMOOTHIE BOWLS AND SOCIAL OUTINGS AND THINK THEY’RE WORTH SHARING WHEN THERE ARE SERIOUS INJUSTICES GOING ON ALL AROUND THE WORLD IS TOO MUCH FOR ME TO IGNORE ANY LONGER. I WILL PERSONALLY ACCEPT PERFORMATIVE ACTIVISM OF SHARING DONATIONS OR PICTURES OF SOMEONE HOLDING A SIGN AT A PROTEST ANY DAY OVER UTTER SILENCE. IT IS A SAD REALITY THAT WITHOUT VIDEOS OF THE MURDERS OF PEOPLE LIKE GEORGE FLOYD AND AHMAUD ARBERY THAT ARRESTS MAY HAVE NEVER BEEN MADE IF IT WASN’T FOR WIDESPREAD CIRCULATION AND OUTCRY. EVEN ON OUR OWN SOIL THE DEATH OF DAVID DUNGAY HAS NEVER RESULTED IN AN ARREST DESPITE CIRCULATINH FOOTAGE  WHICH IS JUST 1 OUT OF 437 RECORDED DEATHS OF ABORIGINALS IN CUSTODY. 

 

ON MOVING FORWARD...

MOVING FORWARD, I WOULD ADVISE NON-BIPOC TO DO WHAT YOU CAN TO MAKE YOUR POC FRIENDS KNOW THEY ARE NOT ALONE AND THEY HAVE YOUR SUPPORT. THE FACT THAT 500,000 PEOPLE TURNED UP TO THE PROTEST IN MELBOURNE WHICH EQUATES TO 1/10TH OF OUR CITY’S POPULATION IS EXTREMELY MOVING TO ME. MORE THAN ANYTHING I WANT THE MOMENTUM I’VE SEEN OVER THE PAST WEEK IN MY COMMUNITY TO CONTINUE UNTIL THERE ARE LEGAL CHANGES AND LARGE SCALE REPARATIONS MADE. I WOULD ADVISE EVERYONE TO CONTINUALLY EDUCATE THEMSELVES ON THEIR WHITE PRIVILEGE AND THE WAY BIPOC HAVE BEEN SET UP TO FAIL IN WESTERN SYSTEMS AROUND THE WORLD. PLEASE TALK TO YOUR PARENTS, SIBLINGS, GRANDPARENTS, CO-WORKERS OR PARTNERS ABOUT WHAT YOU’RE LEARNING, TO NORMALISE IT AND SPARK A BUTTERFLY EFFECT. ESPECIALLY IF YOUR PARENTS ARE HOME-OWNERS OR LANDLORDS WHO REALLY SHOULD BE PAYING THE RENT BACK TO THE INDIGENOUS CUSTODIANS OF THE LAND THEY LIVE AND PROFIT ON. TO ALL THE WHITE FEMINISTS WHO ARE NOT PRO-INTERSECTIONAL AND DE-COLONIAL IN THEIR AGENDAS, I DO HOPE THAT ONE DAY SOON YOU COULD HAVE THE SAME PASSION BURSTING OUT OF YOU TO DISMANTLE INSTITUTIONALISED RACISM, STOP POLICE BRUTALITY AND END WHITE SUPREMACY THAT YOU’VE ALWAYS HAD FOR YOUR #FREETHENIPPLE CAMPAIGNS, ARMPIT HAIR AND ENDING THE TABOO AROUND ‘UNCOMFORTABLE’ TOPICS LIKE PERIODS. THE SAME GOES FOR WHITE MEMBERS OF THE LGBTQ COMMUNITY WHO MAY NOT HAVE HAD PRIDE AND THEIR LEGAL RIGHTS TODAY IF IT WASN’T FOR MARSHA P. JOHNSON, A PROUD BLACK TRANSGENDER WOMAN. 

IN ORDER TO HOLD AUTHORITIES ACCOUNTABLE, THE PRESSURE BEING PLACED ON INVESTIGATIONS INTO THE DEATHS OF BIPOC IN CUSTODY NEEDS TO CONTINUE. THIS MEANS DONATIONS TO LEGAL FUNDS, ATTENDING PROTESTS AND SIGNING PETITIONS. IT’S IMPORTANT TO PUSH FOR DEFUNDING THE POLICE AND REALLOCATING THE MONEY BACK INTO INDIGENOUS AND BLACK COMMUNITIES IN BENEFICIAL WAYS. THE WORLD WILL NOT BE A BETTER PLACE UNTIL THE DIVIDE BETWEEN THE WHITE UPPER CLASS AND COLOURED LOWER CLASSES IS DECREASED DRAMATICALLY. IT IS TIME FOR THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF EVERY NATION TO FEEL AT HOME IN THEIR COUNTRIES AGAIN AND REPRESENTED IN POSITIONS OF LEADERSHIP INSTEAD OF BEING THE MOST INCARCERATED AND MISTREATED. 

 

BLU JAY

ON THE POLICE...

GROWING UP, I EXPERIENCED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE EARLY ON IN CHILDHOOD, RESULTING IN SUPPORT FROM THE POLICE FORCE. DURING THE YEARS AFTERWARDS, BEING MY ONLY EXPERIENCE WITH POLICE, IT BECAME HARD TO CONTEXTUALIZE THE EXPERIENCE AS SITUATIONAL, LEADING ME INTO A MINDSET THAT THEY WERE HEROES, IN ALL CASES. 

GROWING UP FURTHER INTO ADULTHOOD, I FOUND IT HARD TO SEPARATE MY EXPERIENCE WITH THE WORLD'S, BUT THINGS BECAME APPARENT THAT MY CASE WASN’T THE SAME, OR NEAR WHAT THE MAJORITY OF BLACK COMMUNITY'S EXPERIENCED. THIS LED ME TO PURSUE VOLUNTEER WORK WITH THE NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION, UNDERCURRENT, WORKING IN TRANSFORMATIVE JUSTICE AND FAMILY VIOLENCE. THIS WAS WHERE I WAS FIRST CONFRONTED WITH THE TERM, “ABOLITION”. SHINING LIGHT ON THE SITUATION AT HAND, IT BECAME CLEAR THAT CHANGE NEEDED TO OCCUR IN THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM AND IN THE MINDS OF OUR BROADER COMMUNITY. I WAS HELD CAPTIVE BY PEDESTALIZING AN IDEALISTIC REPRESENTATION OF AN INDIVIDUAL, INSTEAD OF RATIONALISING THE POSITION THEY IMPOSE UPON A LARGER INTERNALIZED SYSTEM. NOT ALL POLICE ARE BAD PEOPLE, BUT WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO WEAR A UNIFORM THAT PLACES THEM ABOVE THE LAW IN MORE THAN MOST SITUATIONS? ACCOUNTABILITY IS DEMANDED FROM ALL. 

ON MEDIA COVERAGE...

SEEING THE VIDEO FOOTAGE OF GEORGE FLOYD WAS DISTURBING. I WAS DISTRAUGHT BY THE SHEER INHUMAN APPROACH THE POLICE ENFORCEMENT TOOK TO RESTRAIN HIM. THERE WAS ALSO A NUMBING SENSATION IN ME... THERE, IT HAPPENS, AGAIN. ANOTHER BLACK PERSON KILLED DUE TO INTERNALISED RACISM, BUT EVEN WORSE, BY LAW. AND FOR WHAT? TIME AFTER TIME WE ARE SEEN AS PERPETRATORS, PREDATORS AND ALL ALIKE EVIL. WATCHING THE VIDEO, I WANTED TO UNDERSTAND WHAT THE HELL WAS GOING ON IN THE POLICEMAN’S HEAD, IN ALL OF THEIR HEADS. IT’S AS IF THEY LOSE ALL EMPATHY ONCE THE UNIFORM IS ON... DOES THEIR FEAR TURN INTO RAGE, DOES THEIR RAGE LEAD THEM INTO SHOCK? IT’S INFURIATING! 

EVERYTHING THAT IS OCCURRING ON MEDIA PLATFORMS IS BOTH INCREDIBLE AND SHOCKING AT THE SAME TIME. THE CONNECTIVITY WE SHARE IS BROAD, AS WELL AS ACCESS TO CCTV FOOTAGE BEING SENT IN AND BROADCASTED. THERE IS LESS CHANCE FOR DECEPTION, JOURNALISTS ON THE FRONTLINE REPORTING THESE STORIES AND MARGINALIZED BODIES HAVING THEIR STORIES SHARED BRINGS MORE FUEL TO THE #BLM MOVEMENT. IN THE HOPE OF ALL OPTIMISM, IT’S A BURYING FEELING TO SEE THIS STILL HAPPENING TODAY. IN LIGHT OF THIS, IT IS A POSITIVE THING. I’VE BUILT MORE COURAGE TO STAND PROUDLY AND WITH CONVICTION FOR THE FLIGHT OF EQUALITY AND JUSTICE, IN FACING MORE DAYS LIKE THIS TO COME. IT’S NO SECRET THERE’S BEEN A ‘STRUGGLE’ GOING ON FOR HUNDREDS OF YEARS, BUT WITH THE ADVANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY, WE ARE BECOMING MORE CONNECTED THAN EVER. 

ON SOCIAL MEDIA...

SOCIAL MEDIA IS LITERALLY A PHOENIX BEING REBORN EVERY DAY WITH A NEW AGENDA, THE AGENDA FOR THIS WEEK IS: BLACK LIVES MATTER. I GET MIXED FEELINGS ABOUT WHAT IS CONTRIBUTED TO SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS DUE TO THE INABILITY FOR MOST TO BE TRANSPARENT. IT’S BAFFLING AND SOMETIMES DEGRADING TO SEE THESE POSTS, SHARES, HASHTAGS WITHOUT ANY REAL EVIDENCE CHANGE IS HAPPENING AND/OR PEOPLE ARE EDUCATING THEMSELVES. THERE’S A DOUBTFUL BITTERNESS IN ME THAT IT’S ALL JUST A GAME TO SOME PEOPLE. THEY JUMP ON THE BANDWAGON AND POST SOMETHING, THEN THINK, "CAWL, I’M A GOOD PERSON!” BUT FORGET THE FACT THAT SOME PEOPLE HAVE TO LIVE THESE EXPERIENCES EVERYDAY AND IT DOESN’T JUST TURN OFF WHEN OUR PHONES RUN OUT OF BATTERY. 

I DO SEE PEOPLE USING IT AS A MEANS OF AWARENESS, RAISING FUNDS THROUGH THEIR CREATIVE PRACTICES ETC. WHICH DOES LEAN BLOW TO THE WRATH OF THE PHOENIX, I JUST HOPE PEOPLE ARE CONSUMING THE CONTENT. I’M BIT OF A PESSIMIST WHEN IT COMES TO SOCIAL MEDIA... 

I WOULD HOPE THE COVERAGE CREATED HELPS PEOPLE SEE THE INJUSTICES IN THE WORLD, AS WELL AS PEOPLE QUESTIONING THEIR POSITION IN ALL OF IT, KNOWING WE ALL PLAY A PART IN CRAFTING SOCIAL CHANGE AND BRINGING DOWN WHITE SUPREMACY. IN THE PAST THE HEAVY HITTERS IN THE MEDIA INDUSTRY BASED THEMSELVES ON THE PREMISE OF  USING POLARIZING VIEWS AND HEATED DEBATE WITHIN SOCIAL DISCOURSE TO INFLUENCE VIEWERS TO MANIFEST TOXIC OUTLOOKS ON CERTAIN COMMUNITIES. A RESULT OF THIS WAS THE STEREOTYPING OF BLACK CULTURE. EVEN THE TERM 'BLACK' DIRECTLY CORRELATES AND SURFACES WITH THOSE THAT VISUALLY APPEAR BLACK, DEFINITELY CREATING A DIVIDE BETWEEN RACES. FOR EXAMPLE, MR. WOOD – ASSISTANT MINISTER FOR MULTICULTURAL AFFAIRS – BY IMPLEMENTING THE TERM ‘AFRICAN GANGS’ CREATED A RHETORIC AROUND THE VILIFICATION OF BLACK MEN, WHICH ONLY SOLIDIFIED THE SYSTEMIC RACISM THAT WAS PLACED ONTO THIS COUNTRY. 

IN LIGHT OF THE CURRENT EVENTS, WE ARE BEING GIVEN A FRONT ROW SEAT OF THE VIOLENCE POLICE ENFORCEMENT ARE PLACING ON BIPOC, ISN’T THIS MORE THAN ENOUGH FOR PEOPLE TO START WAKING UP? 

IN CONJUNCTION WITH THIS, WHITE BODIES HAVE BEEN FIGHTING ON THE FRONTLINE FOR MANY YEARS, IT’S NO LONGER JUST BLACK FOLK BEING PULLED OFF THE FRONTLINE, JOURNALISTS, WHITE ALLIES AND ACTIVISTS ARE BEING RECORDED LIVE ON THE AIR, TURNING IT INTO A FIGHT FOR ALL OF US. VIEWS MAKE RATINGS, RATINGS MAKE MONEY AND MONEY PERPETUATES A CYCLE OF CONSUMERISM, INSTILLING FEAR AND RAGE AMONG THOSE THAT VIEW THE CONTENT FROM A LIVED PERSPECTIVE. I THINK INHERENTLY, THERE IS ALWAYS GOING TO BE BIASED VIEWS, EVEN FROM BLACK FOLK, BUT IT’S IMPORTANT WE START ADDRESSING WHAT WE DEEM AS RIGHT AND WRONG. THIS COVERAGE GIVES VOICE TO THAT. 

ON PROTEST...

THE U.S IS MAD. THEY ARE ENRAGED BY ALL THAT IS OCCURRING AND TO BE HONEST, I DON’T BLAME THEM. THEIR SYSTEMS ARE BROKEN, THEY HAVE A PRESIDENT THAT LOOKS AFTER HIS OWN BEST INTEREST OVER THE PEOPLE, THEY HAVE NO HEALTH SYSTEMS IN PLACE, DURING A GLOBAL PANDEMIC. VIEWING FROM THE OUTSIDE IN, IT CAN BE SO EASY TO SAY, “I DON’T BELIEVE IN LOOTING AND VANDALIZING” BUT WE AREN’T ON THAT LAND (UNLESS YOU ARE). IT MIGHT JUST BE THEIR BEST WAY TO CALL FOR ACTION. THEY’VE DONE PEACEFUL PROTEST IN THE PAST, THE GOVERNMENT DOESN’T FLINCH. I PERSONALLY DON’T ACCEPT IT AS MEANS OF PROTEST, BUT WHO AM I TO SAY HOW THEY SHOULD FEEL? 

ON MOVING FORWARD...

THE ADVICE I’D GIVE TO PEOPLE LOOKING TO SUPPORT THE CURRENT INJUSTICES FOR BLACK AND BROWN PEOPLE, IS PICKING UP A BLACK HISTORY BOOK, FIRSTLY. LEARN ABOUT WHAT HAS HAPPENED IN THE PAST TO CONTEXTUALISE THE PRESENT, SEEK FOR DOCUMENTARIES THAT SHINE LIGHT ON THE CAUSE. PARTICIPATE IN SOCIAL ACTIVISM, HARVEST COMMUNITIES THAT WANT TO SEE CHANGE IN THE WORLD AND STOP RELYING ON TOXIC SYSTEMIC EDUCATION. WE’VE ALL BEEN RAISED IN SOME WAY TO SEE THE OTHER AS THE ENEMY, IT’S NOW TIME TO DECOLONISE THAT VIEW, FIRST WITH OURSELVES AND THEN WITH THE WORLD. ADDRESS YOUR PRIVILEGE AND KNOW WHERE YOU STAND. DON’T DWELL IN WHITE GUILT, HARNESS YOUR POSITION FOR GOOD. 

THESE TIMES ARE ROUGH AS FUCK AND IT’S IMPORTANT TO ADDRESS OUR CAPACITY DURING THIS. WE NEED TO MAKE TIME FOR ACTION BUT ALSO NOT PRESSURE OURSELVES INTO THE GROUND ABOUT “WHAT CAN I DO” AND “AM I DOING ENOUGH”, BUT KNOW WE ARE DOING SOMETHING. 

 

                                            TUMI YUSUF

 

GROWING UP I WAS TOLD I HAD TO BE BETTER THAN MY PEERS, NOT FOR ANY OTHER REASON THAN MY INHERENT DISADVANTAGE OF BEING BLACK. I NEEDED TO BE BETTER THAN MY PEERS IN ORDER TO BE EQUAL. 

 

LOOKING BACK, I NOW KNOW IT IS AN INSANE AMOUNT OF PRESSURE TO PUT ON YOURSELF AS A YOUNG PERSON. HOWEVER, I ALSO UNDERSTAND WHY IT WAS NECESSARY. 

 

YOU SEE, IF I MISBEHAVED, I WAS A REPRESENTATIVE OF MY WHOLE RACE. 

IF I USED DRUGS, I WAS A REPRESENTATIVE OF MY WHOLE RACE. 

IF I WAS NOT ACADEMICALLY INCLINED, I WAS A REPRESENTATIVE OF MY WHOLE RACE. 

I DID NOT ALLOW MYSELF TO GET ON THE WRONG SIDE OF THE LAW, PURELY BECAUSE I DIDN’T BELIEVE THERE WERE SAFETY NETS FOR SOMEONE WHO LOOKED LIKE ME. 

 

PERSONALLY, I HAVE HAD NO EXPERIENCE WITH THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM, BECAUSE I HAVE WORKED EXTRA HARD TO BE A ‘GOOD BLACK’, A ‘PALATABLE BLACK’ AND ONE THAT COULD NOT BE FAULTED. 

 

UNFORTUNATELY, AS AN ADULT YOU CANNOT ESCAPE IT SIMPLY BY BEING GOOD. I HAVE THEREFORE SEEN HOW UNFAIR AND BIASED IT CAN BE AGAINST PEOPLE OF MY COLOUR. 

 

IF YOU TREAT SOMEONE AS THOUGH THEY ARE STUPID, THEY WILL START TO BELIEVE THAT THEY ARE.
SIMILARLY, IF YOU TREAT YOUNG BLACK PEOPLE AS CRIMINALS, IT IS WHAT THEY WILL START TO BELIEVE THEY ARE. 

 

PERSONALLY I HAVE NOT WATCHED THE GEORGE FLOYD VIDEO, BECAUSE I FIND IT VISCERALLY UPSETTING. 

I AM ACTIVELY TRYING TO TAKE A BREAK FROM SOCIAL MEDIA IN AN ATTEMPT TO MAINTAIN MY OWN WELL-BEING. 

AS MUCH AS I SEE GENUINE ALLYSHIP, I EQUALLY SEE STATEMENTS OF BEING ‘NOT RACIST’ VEILED AS ALLYSHIP. 

 

I FEEL FRUSTRATED AT THE LACK OF UNDERSTANDING, AND I AM NOT FEELING ALTRUISTIC ENOUGH TO TEACH. 

I FEEL ANGRY 

I FEEL HURT 

I FEEL THE UNDOING OF ALL MY EMOTIONAL AND MENTAL LABOUR TO SURVIVE IN A WORLD THAT ACTIVELY REJECTS ME. 

 

THE COVERAGE OF BLM IS GOOD. 

I WANT PEOPLE TO SIT IN DISCOMFORT AS WE OFTEN DO.

I WANT PEOPLE TO FEEL FRUSTRATED AT HOW MUCH PEOPLE ARE POSTING ABOUT RACISM, BECAUSE IT IS A DROP IN THE OCEAN OF WHAT IT IS TO LIVE WITH IT. 

 

IN MY OPINION LOOTING AND VIOLENCE IS THE MANIFESTATION OF THE PAIN AND OPPRESSION EXPERIENCED BY MANY IN THE US. 

HERE IN AUSTRALIA I CAN PEACEFULLY PROTEST BECAUSE I HAVE THE LUXURY TO. 

IN SAYING THAT, WHO IS ACTUALLY LISTENING TO ME? 

 

MY ADVICE TO PEOPLE CURRENTLY 

  1. DO NOT ASK YOUR BLACK AND BROWN FRIENDS TO EDUCATE YOU, BECAUSE WE ARE TIRED. 

  2. DO YOUR GOOGLES BECAUSE SO MANY PEOPLE HAVE PUT TOGETHER RESOURCES ABOUT THE PLIGHT OF PEOPLE OF COLOUR AND THE EFFECTS OF SYSTEMIC RACISM.

  3. IF YOU HAVE A FRIEND THAT IS WILLING TO SHARE THEIR EXPERIENCES REMEMBER THAT IT’S NOT UP FOR DISCUSSION OR DEBATE. IT’S ON YOU TO BE AN ACTIVE LISTENER, BECAUSE THESE ARE THE STORIES THAT OFTEN GO UNHEARD. 

  4. REFLECT ON YOUR OWN EXPERIENCES, AND TRULY RECOGNISE HOW THE SYSTEM HAS BENEFITED YOU. 

  5. TAKE YOUR NEWFOUND AWARENESS AND SHARE IT WITH OTHERS IN YOUR CIRCLE, YOUR VOICE CAN REACH FURTHER THAN MY OWN COULD. 

  6. USE YOUR PRIVILEGE TO UPLIFT OTHERS. I.E. DONATE, VOLUNTEER, VOTE, WRITE LETTERS/EMAILS TO YOUR UNIVERSITIES, MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT AND CORPORATIONS, SIGN PETITIONS ETC. 

 

EVERYONE WANTS TO BE A HERO, WITHOUT DOING THE HARD WORK. I BELIEVE IT IS THE CUMULATIVE EFFORT OF MANY INDIVIDUALS MAKING GENUINE, PERSONAL TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE WAYS THEY THINK AND BEHAVE THAT WILL CREATE THE MOST SIGNIFICANT AND TANGIBLE CHANGE.

 

NAMI BURNS

ON THE POLICE…

THE AUSTRALIAN POLICE MODEL IS BUILT ON A SYSTEM OF COLONISATION, SO IT IS INEVITABLE THAT RACISM IS EMBEDDED WITHIN THIS SYSTEM. THERE IS A CULTURE OF RACISM WITHIN THE POLICE FORCE WHERE THEY CONTINUALLY TARGET BLACK AND BROWN PEOPLE. THIS REINFORCES PREJUDICE ATTITUDES WHEN THEY CONTINUOUSLY COME INTO CONTACT WITH ETHNIC MINORITIES. ALTHOUGH I PERSONALLY HAVEN’T HAD EXPERIENCES WITH THE POLICE, MY BROTHER HAS BEEN RACIALLY PROFILED AND HAD ON THE SPOT SEARCHES AND BEEN QUESTIONED BY THE POLICE WITHOUT REASON. PERHAPS THIS IS DUE TO GENDERED REASONS. I THINK THERE ARE DEFINITELY NUANCES OF RESPECTABILITY POLITICS. THIS IS BASICALLY THE IDEA THAT A MEMBER OF A MARGINALISED OR MINORITY GROUP WILL BE PROTECTED FROM PREJUDICES AND SYSTEMIC INJUSTICES IF  THEY CONFORM TO SOCIALLY ACCEPTABLE OR MAINSTREAM STANDARDS OF BEHAVIOUR AND APPEARANCE.

 

THERE IS A SERIOUS LACK OF DIVERSITY IN THE JUDICIAL SYSTEM. THE MAJORITY OF JUDGES ARE OLD WHITE MALES. IT ALSO DOESN’T ACCOMMODATE CULTURALLY AND LINGUISTICALLY DIVERSE COMMUNITIES. IF YOU LOOK AT JURIES THEY ARE MOSTLY MADE OF WELL-OFF CAUCASIANS. THE COURT SYSTEM ALSO FAILS TO ACCOMMODATE FOR ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF JUSTICE THAT MIGHT WORK BETTER FOR THESE COMMUNITIES.

ON SOCIAL MEDIA…

MAINSTREAM MEDIA HAS INTERESTS IN PROTECTING POLITICIANS AND POLICE WHICH THEN LEADS THEM TO FOCUS ON DEMONISING PROTESTERS AND THE LOOTING ETC. SOCIAL MEDIA IS A BIT OF A PARADOX. ON THE ONE HAND IT IS BEING USED TOO MUCH AS THE ONLY FORM OF ACTIVISM AND DIALOGUE IN PLACE OF TANGIBLE WORK. HOWEVER, IT HAS BEEN A USEFUL TOOL FOR PROTESTORS TO ORGANISE AND COMMUNICATE AND SHOW WHAT’S REALLY HAPPENING ON THE GROUND. THIS IS REALLY IMPORTANT AS MAINSTREAM NEWS MEDIA ISN’T DOCUMENTING THIS STUFF. WITHOUT SOCIAL MEDIA WE WOULDN’T KNOW THE EXTENT OF THE BRUTALITY THE POLICE ARE ENGAGING IN, NOR WOULD SUCH A GLOBAL OUTCRY HAVE BEEN MADE POSSIBLE. VIRALITY PUTS PRESSURE ON POLITICIANS AND STATE BODIES TO ACTUALLY ACT ON THESE ISSUES. HOWEVER I’VE ALSO FELT SADNESS AND ANGER. PEOPLE ARE TOO PREOCCUPIED WITH VIRTUE SIGNALLING AND SOCIAL MEDIA APPEARANCES RATHER THAN THE ACTUAL CAUSE. THIS WAS PROVEN WITH BLACK OUT TUESDAY...

...THE ENTIRE CONCEPT WAS MISUNDERSTOOD AND JUST CREATED PERFORMATIVE ACTIVISM. NOT ONLY DID POSTING A BLACK SQUARE SATURATE THE BLM HASHTAG AND CLOG UP THE FEED OF INFORMATION, IT FAILED TO BRING ANYTHING OF USE TO THE CAUSE. PEOPLE FOUND IT EASY TO POST A BLANK POST, FURTHER SILENCING AN ALREADY OPPRESSED GROUP AS IT WOULDN’T AFFECT THEIR INSTAGRAM AESTHETIC. I THINK IT’S IMPORTANT FOR PEOPLE TO BE ACTUALLY DONATING AND SUPPORTING THE CONTINUATION OF THE SHARING OF INFORMATION AND EDUCATING OTHERS, AS OPPOSED TO SIMPLY CURATING AN IMAGE ON SOCIAL MEDIA THAT COMES ACROSS AS ‘CARING’. MONKEY SEE, MONKEY DO, YOU KNOW?

 

ON MOVING FORWARD…

SPEAK UP! HAVE CONVERSATIONS WITH YOUR WHITE FRIENDS, FAMILIES AND COWORKERS. ELEVATE BLACK AND BROWN VOICES. APPLY THE IDEAS THAT ARE CIRCULATING ON SOCIAL MEDIA TO REAL LIFE CIRCUMSTANCES. IF EVERYONE IS ABLE TO EDUCATE THEMSELVES AND CHANGE WHAT IS IN THEIR HEARTS, CONVERSATIONS ARE ABLE TO BE HAD AND THAT IS HOW THE WORLD WILL MAKE ANY BIG ADVANCEMENTS. MAKE SURE WE’RE STILL HAVING THESE CONVERSATIONS ONCE THE ATTENTION HAS DIED DOWN FROM THIS ONE INSTANCE. THIS IS MORE THAN JUST A TREND. WE ALSO HAVE TO MAKE SURE WE ARE DOING THE SAME FOR OUR ACTUAL COMMUNITIES WITHIN AUSTRALIA AND CONTINUING TO GET IN TOUCH WITH OFFICIALS.

 

KALU OJI

ON SOCIAL MEDIA...

I THINK THAT THE FACT THAT THIS EVENT HAS TAKEN UP SO MUCH SPACE ONLINE IS A POSITIVE THING IN TERMS OF RE-IGNITING THE CONVERSATION. ESPECIALLY ON THE BACKDROP OF THE PANDEMIC, THE INTERNET HAS BECOME MORE OF A TOOL THAN IT EVER WAS BEFORE. WITH THE TIMING OF GEORGE FLOYD’S MURDER, IT’S LIKE EVERYONE ALREADY HAD THERE EYES OPEN (ONLINE). IT’S FELT NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE TO NOT BE FOLLOWING THE STORY. HOWEVER, I DO THINK THERE’S A DANGER IN THINGS LIKE HASHTAGS AND RE-SHARES BEING SUBSTITUTED FOR REAL ACTION. OF COURSE WE SEE A LOT OF SHARING, AND OF COURSE THIS IS A POSITIVE THING TO HAVE INFORMATION OUT THERE CIRCULATING AS FAST AS IT IS, THOUGH I DO BELIEVE THAT WE NEED TO ENSURE IT DOESN’T JUST STOP AT THAT. 

ON MEDIA...

I HAVE A VERY HOT AND COLD RELATIONSHIP WHENEVER VIDEOS LIKE THIS [GEORGE FLOYD] GET SHARED. ON ONE HAND, THEY ARE FUNDAMENTAL TO ACTUALLY BRINGING ABOUT JUSTICE AND SEEING THE PEOPLE WHO ARE PERPETRATING THESE ACTS (AND THE SYSTEMS THAT DEFEND THESE PEOPLE) BE HELD ACCOUNTABLE. ON THE OTHER HAND THESE VIDEOS ARE SO ROUTINE THAT I FEEL LIKE WE’RE COLLECTIVELY DESENSITISING OURSELVES TO BLACK PAIN. I HAVE A HARD TIME WATCHING, THOUGH AT THE SAME TIME I ONE HUNDRED PERCENT RECOGNISE THEIR IMPORTANCE AND KNOW THAT WITHOUT THEM WE WOULDN’T BE SEEING THE CHANGE THAT WE ARE SEEING NOW. 

 

ON PROTEST...

AS SOMEONE WHO ISN’T OUT THERE LOOTING AND BURNING, I DON’T MIND SEEING IT HAPPENING AT ALL. IT FEELS LIKE WE’RE AT A BOILING POINT AND WHAT WE’RE SEEING WITH THE LOOTING IS A LARGE GROUP OF PEOPLE REBELLING AGAINST A SYSTEM THAT HAS FAILED US, REPEATEDLY. ESPECIALLY IN THE U.S., AS A VICIOUSLY CAPITALIST SOCIETY, PEOPLE'S WORTH IS OFTEN MEASURED BY THEIR MATERIAL POSSESSION, THOUGH THE PLAYING FIELD HAS NEVER BEEN LEVEL. TAKING AWAY POSSESSIONS, DESTROYING PROPERTY... IT FEELS LIKE A RECLAMATION OF POWER AND SO I THINK IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE NARRATIVE RIGHT NOW. 

IN SAYING ALL THIS, I DO THINK THERE’S A DANGER IN THE MEDIA ASSOCIATING THESE ACTS WITH THE BLACK LIVES MATTER MOVEMENT AS A WAY TO DISCREDIT THE MESSAGE. FROM EVERYTHING I’VE SEEN, BLM LEADERS HAVE BEEN CRYSTAL CLEAR IN ENCOURAGING PEACEFUL PROTESTING. WITH HOW EVERYTHING’S GONE THIS YEAR A LOT OF PEOPLE IN THE U.S. ARE FEELING LET DOWN RIGHT NOW, NOT JUST THE BLACK COMMUNITY. 

THE LOOTING, THE BURNING, THE CHAOS... THAT’S JUST THE RESULT OF A LONG BUILDUP.

LUIS AHKUOI BURNS

THE GREAT HURT AT THE CENTRE OF TRAGEDIES LIKE THE DEATH OF GEORGE FLOYD, BREONA TAYLOR AND KUMANJAYI WALKER IS A SIMPLE ONE. THEIR DEATHS TELL US THAT THE RACIST SYSTEMS THAT TOOK AWAY OUR PASTS ARE LOOKING TO DO THE SAME TO OUR FUTURES

 

OUR SOCIETIES AND GOVERNMENTS SAY TO US THAT EVERYTHING IS ‘BETTER’ THAN IT WAS BEFORE. AS IF GOING FROM SLAVERY TO SEGREGATION TO SYSTEMATIC RACISM IN HUNDREDS OF YEARS IS AN ACCEPTABLE VERSION OF ‘BETTER’. THERE IS A SPECIAL KIND OF HURT THAT ONLY PEOPLE OF COLOUR WILL KNOW. THE KIND THAT COMES FROM KNOWING THAT YOUR SKIN WILL BE USED TO TIE YOU DOWN OR HOLD YOU BACK SOMEWHERE, SOMEHOW, SOMETIME IN YOUR LIFE; AND THERE IS NOTHING YOU CAN DO ABOUT IT. FROM BIRTH THERE IS A BIG WHITE CEILING ABOVE OUR HEADS; IF YOU’RE LIGHT-SKINNED, WHITE-PASSING, OR WEALTHY, YOU MIGHT BE LUCKY ENOUGH TO JUST BE REJECTED FROM A JOB OR TWO.

IF YOU’RE DARK SKINNED, INDIGENOUS, OR POOR IT COULD BE A KNEE ON YOUR THROAT.

 

AND THAT IS WHAT THIS SLOW CRAWL TO ‘BETTER’ MEANS. WHAT HAPPENED TO KUMANJAYI WALKER WILL HAPPEN AGAIN. WHAT HAPPENED TO GEORGE FLOYD WILL HAPPEN AGAIN. WHAT HAPPENED TO BREONNA TAYLOR WILL HAPPEN AGAIN BECAUSE SOMEHOW THE WORLD DECIDED THAT A SLOW CRAWL TO ‘BETTER’ IS GOOD ENOUGH. IT IS NOT. PEOPLE OF COLOUR – ESPECIALLY DARK-SKINNED AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLES – HAVE SPENT HUNDREDS OF YEARS FIGHTING TO GET THIS FAR WITH NOTHING BUT OURSELVES AND OUR COMMUNITIES TO RELY ON. 

 

SO, WHEN YOU ASK ME WHAT I SEE? IF GEORGE FLOYD WAS REALLY THE WATERSHED MOMENT MY WHITE NEIGHBOURS AND FRIENDS ACT LIKE IT IS, THEN THE NEXT ‘BETTER’ MIGHT COME IN TIME FOR MY GREAT-GRANDCHILDREN TO KNOW HOW IT WOULD ‘FEEL TO BE FREE’.

 

AND THAT IS FAR TOO LATE FOR ME. 

 
 

ERIK ELSIE

IT’S NOW THE PEOPLE VS THE POWER.

WE'VE SEEN THAT THE SYSTEM IS UNFAIR, ALREADY WRITTEN DIFFERENTLY AND NEGATIVELY FOR BLACK/BROWN PEOPLE. THEY'RE SEEN AS A THREAT FROM THE GET GO AND SOME POLICE OFFICERS ASSUME THAT AS SOON AS THEY SEE THEM.

THE WAY PEOPLE HAVE REACTED, AGGRESSIVELY, IS PERFECTLY ACCEPTABLE. BLACK PEOPLE HAVE DONE MANY SILENT/PEACEFUL PROTESTS, PETITIONS AND DONATIONS AND THE POLICE FORCE, GOVERNMENT AND PRESIDENT HAVE DONE NOTHING.

THIS IS THE ONLY THING THAT WILL GET THEIR ATTENTION AND KEEP IT THAT WAY. IF TRUMP AND THE GOVERNMENT REALISE THAT THIS IS THE REACTION OF THE PEOPLE WHEN SOMETHING LIKE THIS HAPPENS, THEY WILL NEVER DO IT AGAIN. 

WE NEED TO SPEAK UP. FIGHT BACK. WE HAVE NOW GOTTEN TO THE POINT WHERE BEING SILENT IS BECOMING THE OPPRESSOR. IF YOU CAN GO TO PROTESTS, DO SO. IF YOU CAN’T, DONATE AND SIGN PETITIONS WHEN NEW ONES ARRIVE. REPOST VIDEOS AND PHOTOS OF THE RIOTS AND SPEAK YOUR MIND.

SHOUT ABOUT THIS AND NEVER STOP.

I WAS PROUD WHEN I SAW ALL THE PROTESTS NOT ONLY FROM BLACK PEOPLE, BUT WHITE PEOPLE TOO. THIS HAS BEEN THE BIGGEST REACTION TO THE DEATH OF AN AFRICAN AMERICAN.

THESE PROTESTS WILL HIT THE HARDEST.

THIS WILL BE IN HISTORY BOOKS. 

NO ONE WILL EVER FORGET GEORGE FLOYD.

PHOTOS VIA:

 

BEN LEVY (@lightbox.jpg)

NEW YORK TIMES

ABC NEWS

GUARDIAN AUSTRALIA

THE NEW YORKER

SPECIAL THANKS TO JACK WILLIAMS

 

RESOURCES*

AUSTRALIA

AMSSA YOUTH CONNECT (AUSTRALIAN MUSLIM SOCIAL SERVICES AGENCY)

A NOT FOR PROFIT ORGANISATION THAT PROVIDES SERVICES FOR THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY AS WELL AS PROVIDING A MEAN TO INTEGRATE TO THE WIDER AUSTRALIAN COMMUNITY.

ANTAR

"ANTAR IS A NATIONAL ADVOCACY ORGANISATION DEDICATED TO THE RIGHTS - AND OVERCOMING THE DISADVANTAGE- OF ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLE. THEY DO THIS PRIMARILY THROUGH LOBBYING, PUBLIC CAMPAIGN AND ADVOCACY."

CHANGE THE RECORD

AUSTRALIA'S ONLY ABORIGINAL LED JUSTICE COALITION WORKING TO END THE INCARCERATION OF, AND FAMILY VIOLENCE AGAINST, ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIGHT ISLANDER PEOPLE.

'DON'T DRAG US INTO THIS' 

A REPORT THAT EXPLORES THE PERSPECTIVES OF YOUNG SOUTH SUDANESE AUSTRALIANS' IN REGARDS TO LABELS SUCH AS 'AFRICAN GANGS', AND HOW THIS AFFECTS THEIR EXPERIENCES GROWING UP IN AUSTRALIA

FIRST PEOPLE'S DISABILITY NETWORK

"A NATIONAL ORGANISATION OF AND FOR AUSTRALIA’S FIRST PEOPLES WITH DISABILITY, THEIR FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES. OUR ORGANISATION IS GOVERNED BY FIRST PEOPLES WITH LIVED EXPERIENCE OF DISABILITY."

FOUNDATION HOUSE

ADVANCING THE HEALTH, WELL BEING AND HUMAN RIGHTS OF REFUGEES WHO HAVE EXPERIENCED TORTURE OR OTHER TRAUMATIC EVENTS 

FREE HER (AUSTRALIA)

A FUND TO PAY BAIL FOR WOMEN (ESPECIALLY INDIGENOUS SINGLE MOTHERS) WHO ARE IMPRISONED UNDER ANCIENT WA LAW FOR NOT PAYING A FINE.

HUMAN RIGHTS LAW CENTRE

THE HUMAN RIGHTS LAW CENTRE USES STRATEGIC ACTION, POLICY SOLUTIONS AND ADVOCACY TO SUPPORT PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES TO ELIMINATE INEQUALITY AND INJUSTICE. THEY SUPPORT THE PRINCIPLES OF DIGNITY, EQUALITY AND ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLE'S RIGHT TO SELF DETERMINATION

INDIGENOUS LITERACY FOUNDATION

AN ORGANISATION THAT GIFT CULTURALLY RELEVANT BOOKS TO INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES AND RUNS PROGRAMS TO INSTIL A LOVE OF READING

JUSTICE FOR DAVID DUNGAY

DAVID DUNGAY LOST HIS LIFE WHILE IN CUSTODY IN 2018. THIS FUNDRAISER WAS MADE BY HIS MOTHER WHO WILL USE THE MONEY TO FUND HIS CAMPAIGN FOR JUSTICE.

JUSTICE FOR TANYA DAY

TANYA DAY WAS ARRESTED FOR PUBLIC DRUNKENNESS AND AFTER SUSTAINING INJURIES IN CUSTODY PASSED AWAY. THIS PETITION IS TO ABOLISH ARREST FOR PUBLIC DRUNKENNESS AND FIND JUSTICE FOR TANYA DAY. 

JUSTICE FOR YENDUMU: INQUIRY ON POLICE SHOOTING (AUSTRALIA)

A FUNDRAISER FOR THE INDEPENDENT INQUIRY OF KUMANJAYI WALKERS DEATH; SHOT 3 TIMES BY POLICE IN HIS HOME FOR "BREACHING PAROLE".

LOWITJA INSTITUTE 

"AN ORGANISATION WORKING FOR THE HEALTH AND WELLBEING OF AUSTRALIA'S FIRST PEOPLES THROUGH HIGH IMPACT QUALITY RESEARCH, KNOWLEDGE TRANSLATION, AND BY SUPPORTING ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER HEALTH RESEARCHERS."

NATIONAL ABORIGINAL COMMUNITY CONTROLLED HEALTH ORGANISATION (NACCHO)

A PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SERVICE INITIATED AND OPERATED BY THE LOCAL ABORIGINAL COMMUNITY TO DELIVER HOLISTIC, COMPREHENSIVE, AND CULTURALLY APPROPRIATE HEALTH CARE TO THE COMMUNITY WHICH CONTROLS IT, THROUGH A LOCALLY ELECTED BOARD OF MANAGEMENT

NATIONAL JUSTICE PROJECT

A NOT-FOR-PROFIT LEGAL SERVICE, ENSURING EVERYONE HAS EQUAL ACCESS AND STATUS UNDER THE LAW

NORTH AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL JUSTICE AGENCY

"A NOT-FOR-PROFIT LEGAL SERVICE WHICH PROVIDES CRIMINAL AND CIVIL LAW SERVICES TO ABORIGINAL PEOPLE AND THEIR FAMILIES IN THE TOP END OF THE NORTHER TERRITORY OF AUSTRALIA"

SCARF REFUGEE SUPPORT

SCARF HELPS INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES TO ESTABLISH A SENSE OF BELONGING, EXPERIENCE AND ECONOMIC INCLUSION AND ACCESS THE TOOLS FOR SELF-EMPOWERMENT AND INDEPENDENCE.

SISTERS INSIDE

SISTERS INSIDE RESPONDS TO CRIMINALISED WOMEN AND GIRLS (ESPECIALLY OVER-REPRESENTED FIRST NATIONS PEOPLE) PROVIDING A HOLISTIC SUPPORT NETWORK LEGALLY AND SOCIALLY.

SOUTH SUDANESE COMMUNITY ASSOCIATION IN VICTORIA

AN  INITIATIVE TO UNITE, DEVELOP AND PROVIDE GOVERNMENT ORGANISATIONS RESOURCES TO SUPPORT THE SUDANESE COMMUNITY.

SNAICC

AN ORGANISATION THAT PROVIDES ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIGHT ISLANDER CHILDREN THE MEANS FOR SELF-DETERMINATION, HEALTHY ENVIRONMENTS AND ENSURING HIGH-LEVELS OF SAFETY AND WELLBEING

THE HEALING FOUNDATION

AN ORGANISATION SUPPORTING THE HEALING OF STOLEN GENERATION SURVIVORS, FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES

TORRES STRAIGHT YOUTH AND RECREATIONAL SPORTING ASSOCIATION (TSYRSA)

"STRENGTHENING INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES THROUGH SPORTS AND RECREATION FUNDING"

VICTORIAN ABORIGINAL LEGAL SERVICES (VALS)

A LEGAL SERVICE PLAYING AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN PROVIDING REFERRALS, ADVICE/ INFORMATION, DUTY WORK OR CASE WORK ASSISTANCE TO ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLE IN VICTORIA.

USA

BLACK VISIONS COLLECTIVE (MINNESOTA, U.S.)

BLACK-LED ORGANISATION BUILDING LONG LASTING 'BLACK LIVES MATTER' CAMPAIGNS FOR CHANGE.

GEORGE FLOYD MEMORIAL FUND

COVERS THE COSTS OF FUNERAL AND BURIAL EXPENSES, GRIEF COUNSELLING, TRAVEL EXPENSES FOR ALL COURT PROCEEDINGS FOR THE FLOYD FAMILY

NORTH STAR HEALTH COLLECTIVE (U.S.)

HOSTS TO TRAINING, EDUCATION AND COMMUNITY EVENTS WITH A COMMITMENT TO STRENGTHENING RADICAL HEALTHCARE IN MINNESOTA

RECLAIM THE BLOCK (U.S.)

AN INITIATIVE THAT ORGANISES THE MOVEMENT OF RESOURCES FROM THE POLICE DEPARTMENT TO PROMOTE COMMUNITY HEALTH AND SAFETY

THE BAIL PROJECT (U.S.)

A NONPROFIT ORGANISATION THAT HELPS THOSE IN NEED PAY BAIL

INFORMATION ABOUT AUSTRALIA'S FORGOTTEN SLAVE TRADE

ABC NEWS

BLACKBIRDING; AUSTRALIA'S HISTORY OF LURING TRICKING AND KIDNAPPING PACIFIC ISLANDERS

THE CONVERSATION

AUSTRALIA'S HIDDEN HISTORY OF SLAVERY: THE GOVERNMENT DIVIDES TO CONQUER

AUSTRALIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION

AUSTRALIAN SOUTH SEA ISLANDERS: A CENTURY OF RACE DISCRIMINATION UNDER AUSTRALIAN LAW

*THESE SOURCES ARE NOT DEFINITIVE 

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